A bibliography is a list of the sources that are used in preparing a paper. It forms the last section of the paper and is arranged alphabetically by the author’s last name or, in the case of an unsigned source, by the first word in the title.


One author:

Cavendish, Richard. A History of Magic. London:

Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1977.


Two authors:

Stange, Robert, and Houghton, Walter E. Victorian Poetry and Poetics. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1959.


Three authors:

Lazarfeld, Paul R., Berelson, Bernard R., and McPhee, William. Voting. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1954.


More than three authors:

Pelikan, Jaroslav, et al. Religion and the University.

York University Invitation Lecture Series. Toronto:

University of Toronto Press, 1964.


No author given:

The Lottery. London: J. Watts, [circa 1732).


Author’s work contained in his collected works:

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. The ComDlete Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Edited by W. G. T. Shedd. Vol. 1: Aids to

Reflection. New York: Harper & Bros., 1884.


Edition other than the first:

Shepherd, William R. Historical Atlas. 8th ed. New York:

Barnes & Noble, 1956.


Editor as author: (same form used for compiler)

Anderson, J. N. D., ed. The World’s Religions. London:

Inter-Varsity Fellowship, 1950.



Ringuet, Thirty Acres. Trans. Felix and Dorothea Walker.

Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1960.



Article in a lournal:

Swanson, Don. "Dialogue with a Catalogue.’ Library Ouarterlv 34 (December 1963): 113—25.



Article in a magazine:

Tuchman, Barbara W. "If Asia Were Clay in the Hands of the West.

Atlantic, September 1970: 68-84.


Article in a newspaper:

"Amazing Amazon Region." New York Times, 12 January 1969, sec. 4, Ell.



Signed article:

Comyns-Carr, J.W. "Blake, William." Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th ed. Unsigned article:

"Sitting Bull." Encyclopedia Americana, 1963 ed.




Online Reference Sources and Databases:

Give the author’s name (if known), the title of the article, the title of the complete work along with any publication information, identification of the online edition, if applicable, the name of the online service, path followed, and date of access.

"Fine Arts." Dictionary off Cultural Literacy. 2nd ed.

Ed. E. D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and JamesTrefil. Boston: Houghton Miff lin, 1993. INSO Corp.America Online. Reference Desk/Dictionaries/Dictionary of Cultural Literacy (20 May 199 6)


WWW Sites (World Wide Web)

(Available via Netscape, Other Web Browsers)


To cite files available for viewing/downloading via the World Wide Web, give the author’s name (if known), the full title of the work in quotation marks, the title of the complete work if applicable in italics, the document date if known and if different from the date accessed, the full http address, and the date of visit.

Burka, Lauren P. "A Hypertext History of Multi-User Dimensions."

The MUDex. 1993.

http: //www. apocalypse. org/pub/u/lpb/muddex/essay/

(5 Dec. 1994)

 Email, Listserve and Newsgroup Citations:

Give the author’s name or alias (if known), the subject line from the posting in quotation marks, the date of the message if different from the date accessed, and the address of the listserv or newslist, along with the date of access in parentheses. For personal email listings, omit the email address.


Bruckman, Amy S. "MOOSE Crossing Proposal." mediamoo@media. (20 Dec. 1994).