CGU4U-1 World Geography / AP Human Geography
Class# Date Period Topics Tasks / Resources / Homework
      Welcome to World Geography  
-- Thu, 08 Sep 8 Welcome; AP Human Geography Exam Discussion visit course website and email conference; slides regarding AP Human Geography exam;
      Unit 1--Geography: Its Nature and Perspectives  
1 Mon, 12 Sep 4 General Course Information; Course Website and Email Conference; 2008 Summer Olympics Medal Standings and Geography; Five Themes of Geography; Creation of Cartograms see general course information; create a link for course website in your internet browser; create icon for course conference on FirstClass desktop; discuss 2008 Summer Olympics and 2010 Winter Olympics medal standings; create note relating Location, Place, Region, Movement, and Human-Environment Interaction to medal standings; see course FirstClass conference for cartogram sheet to create proportional square or proportional circle cartogram for Canada / USA / Mexico medals won at 2008 Beijing Olympics
2 Wed, 14 Sep 2 Types of Cartograms; Key Concepts about Place: Absolute and Relative Location and Distance, Cognitive/Perceptual Location, Distance Decay discuss types of cartograms and cartogram examples; copy some interesting cartograms to your notes; key concepts for absolute and relative location and distance
3 Tue, 20 Sep 4 Absolute and Relative Measurements; Basic Observations About Place/Location revisit Dorling cartogram of 2008 Summer Olympics Medal Standings then use file on email conference to determine relative ranking of people/medal for each country; see email conference for slides and worksheets on place and region; complete up to and including question on size and scale; read text "Preface for the Student" and pp.1-5
4 Thu, 22 Sep 2 Five Decisions of Cartographers: Decision 1) Map Projections, Decision 3) Map Scale read text pp.6-10; obtain map projection note from email conference; browse Map Projections at the Atlas of Canada and copy figures 8,9,10 into your notes; complete Ch.1 Activity 1: Scale; bring text and WileyPlus Registration Code to next class
5 Mon, 26 Sep 4 Five Decisions of Cartographers: Decision 2) Simplification; Ch.1 Key Terms; Populations in North America review map projection note; see Kuby Ch.1 slides (sent to conference); name key terms from Ch.1; read Ch.1 case study (text) and Ch.1 Activity 2 background for Canada case study (email conference)
6 Wed, 28 Sep 2 Formal, Functional and Perceptual Regions; Map Projections; Mercator Projection revisit "Thinking Geographically" slides and complete place and region worksheets; investigate map projection applet and copy for your notes two interesting examples for world maps (check out Tissot's Indicatrix option and see how size (area) and shape of identical circles changes with projection); find projection of recent circumpolar map; obtain note on Mercator from email conference
7 Fri, 30 Sep 4 WileyPlus Registration; Five Decisions of Cartographers: Decision 4) Aggregation of Data, Decision 5) Map Type; Types of Maps; Quantitative Maps; Misleading Maps bring text and WileyPlus Registration Code to class; see course email conference for instructions on registering for text's online material using a provided URL and the registration key provided with your book; redo Ch.1 Activity 1 online through WileyPlus; revisit Kuby Ch.1 slides (sent to conference); Types of Maps powerpoint; start Ch.1 Activity 2 (Canada option) computerized activity on misleading maps by completing up to question 2.6 in distributed questions (suggestion: use HGIA for computerized activity and another window for answers in WileyPlus)
8 Tue, 04 Oct 2 Scale and Misleading Maps Discussion; Aboriginal Stereotypes and Maps complete Act. 2 Canada questions 2.7-2.8 including screen captures of maps in your answer; prepare questions 2.9 and 2.10, complete with maps, for submission next class (see rubric emailed to conference); when finished, consider Act. 2 USA maps for ethnicity in the USA
[note: Ch.1 Act.2 Canada questions have been made accessible on WileyPlus for reinforcing your understanding of the exercise]
9 Thu, 06 Oct 4 Aboriginal Stereotypes and Maps; Chapter 1 Review submit Ch.1 Act.2 #2.9-2.10; complete Act.2 questions 2.11-2.15; complete WileyPlus "Ch.1 SAC Questions" assignment before next class; consider Act.2 USA maps for ethnicity in the USA
10 Wed, 12 Oct 2 Introduction to Spatial Interaction; Spatial Interaction; Relocation vs Expansion Diffusion; Contagious and Hierarchical Diffusion; Distance Decay; Barriers to Diffusion class powerpoint presentation on diffusion; discussion about diffusion and S-curves; read text Ch.3 pp.62-69 and define bold terms; then read Ch.3 case study to prepare for online activities
11 Fri, 14 Oct 4 Ch.3 Key Terms; US AIDS Epidemic: Diffusion through Space and Time review slides on diffusion; see Wal-Mart diffusion across USA; name key terms from Ch.3; discuss AIDS background and consider relationship of AIDS to life expectancy and income; complete Ch.3 Activity 1 online activities and questions
12 Tue, 18 Oct 2 US AIDS Epidemic: Diffusion through Space and Time; Distance Decay of AIDS Thresholds; S-Curves for Different Cities complete Ch.3 Activity 2 and Activity 3, considering reasons for unique s-curve of McAllen, Texas
13 Thu, 20 Oct 4 Spatial Interaction Discussion do Ch.3 discussion questions; read Ch.2 Nature in Sawyer AP text and bring to next class
14 Mon, 24 Oct 2 Geotechnology and Cadet Training: GPS and GIS Working Together; Additional Concepts for Nature of Geography; Unit Review view Global Positioning System (GPS) tracks and geocaches (see geocaching website) from Red Star hiking trip to Rattlesnake Point and consider how attributes are linked with location information within the layers of a Geographic Information System (GIS); view slides explaining Global Positioning System; review of key terms from first unit using list distributed via email; do Sawyer Ch.2 Part 5 review questions
      Unit 2--Cultural Patterns and Processes  
15 Wed, 26 Oct 4 Mapping Culture Regions: the American Southwest complete online Ch.2 Activity 1 for the American Southwest (ensure that you have completed answers for review, either by first answering text questions in provided OneNote file then checking on WileyPlus, or printing out questions from WileyPlus after answering) (links to non-Wiley-Plus HGIA student companion site and Wiley-Plus student site)--copy to your notes the resulting map showing your mental map layer and the three provided layers that are most important to you for that region!; read case study background material
16 Fri, 28 Oct 2 Mapping Culture Regions: the Middle East; Definition of Culture complete Ch.2 Activity 1 for the Middle East; read main section of Ch.2
17 Tue, 01 Nov 4 Test: Geography Nature and Perspectives  
18 Thu, 03 Nov 2 Concept of Regions; Culture Regions at Different Scales powerpoint on components of culture and formal, functional and perceptual regions
19 Mon, 07 Nov 4 Culture Key Terms; Regional Cultural Traits play "Name the Key Term" for Ch.2 terms; complete Ch.2 Activity 2
20 Wed, 09 Nov 2 Regional Cultural Traits: Imagery discuss Ch.2 Activity 3 using sample postcards, then repeat using 10-20 images from a local town or region website
21 Tue, 15 Nov 4 Regional Cultural Traits: Discussion review answers for Ch.2 Activity 3 for town websites
22 Thu, 17 Nov 2 Culture Hearths; Structure of Culture: Cultural Subsystems with Sociofacts, Artifacts, and Mentifacts; Religion in the Annapolis Valley culture hearths maps; complete structure of culture handout; read Annapolis Valley handout; see Annapolis Valley Churches slides distributed in email conference; locate local churches on a Google Maps town map (Aurora, or a small town of your choice) and create a document showing the distribution of churches and their relationship to artifacts (building styles and materials), sociofacts (power structure of town), and mentifact (represented and absent religions); see  Acadian expulsion art and information
23 Mon, 21 Nov 4 Religion and the Cultural Landscape: Prairie Mennonite / Hutterite Communities see prairie communities slides; read prairie religious community history information (slides and history via email); obtain GoogleEarth layer for Winkler, Manitoba, local religious communities and add other examples of each type to the GoogleEarth layer
24 Wed, 23 Nov 2 Religion and the Cultural Landscape: Sacred Space and Landscapes of the Dead see slides on religious landscapes; see slides on sacred space and landscapes of the dead; read and complete three reflection questions at end of handout; see article about Vatican and extraterrestrial life (recalling conversation from last class on environmental world views)
25 Thu, 24 Nov 6 Religion and Culture; Residential Segregation in Northern Ireland religion and culture worksheet; see Ch.12 slides; read HGIA Ch.12 and Case Study notes; see summary of Northern Ireland history
26 Tue, 29 Nov 2 Mapping Residential Segregation in Northern Ireland; Statistics of Residential Segregation in Northern Ireland complete Ch.12 Activity #1; complete Ch.12 Activity #2 (questions have been made available at WileyPlus, but ensure that you either answer questions in text first or print completed answers for your notes)
27 Thu, 01 Dec 4 Activity Results; Images of Northern Ireland; Segregation Indices for Language in Southern Ontario review Ch.12 activity answers; see images from Dr. Joiner's trip to Northern Ireland; use spreadsheet data for Southern Ontario by census subdivisions (in course FirstClass conference) to calculate segregation indices for assigned languages in 1991; review Ch.12 key terms
28 Mon, 05 Dec 2 Segregation Key Terms; Language Group Segregation Changes Over Time; Cartograms Showing Global Distribution of Religions; Segregation Discussion play "Name the Key Term" for Ch.12; determine segregation indices for assigned languages in 2006 and determine whether your language group has undergone spatial divergence or convergence; investigate religion cartograms at MappingWorlds; create responses to Ch.12 discussion questions distributed previously by email
29 Wed, 07 Dec 4 World and USA Religions; AP Exam Religion Question see slides on distribution of religions in the world and in the USA; discuss AP religion question from 2009 Human Geography exam; complete student survey using link sent to email conference; investigate other recent AP Human Geography exam questions
30 Fri, 09 Dec 2 Lost Languages; Language Families; Linguistic Geography; Diffusion of Language; Toponyms discuss loss of Bo language; language family handout; language powerpoint (consider reflection at end of file); read two supplied articles on the survival of Inuktitut language; see Survival International for more information on indigenous tribes
31 Tue, 13 Dec 4 Native Language Survival in Canada; Language and Immigration in Canada; Cultural Vocabulary; Cultural Review  watch CBC Inuktitut Survival documentary, then answer questions from Inuktitut language handout; discuss recent Statistics Canada census information for use of Inuktitut; see interactive map on language and immigration and related article; read Ch.4 parts 1,2 in AP text and skim other Ch.4 resources
32 Thu, 15 Dec 2 Cultural Geography Jeopardy!; Cultural Terms Review review cultural geography key terms; play cultural geography Jeopardy; discuss distributed cultural geography vocabulary list, define selected terms for class and send to conference
33 Mon, 19 Dec 4 Cultural Terms Discussion; Cultural AP Exam Free Response Questions; Text Review Resources share definitions for cultural terms assigned last class; discuss 2007 AP exam question on language; answer AP text Ch.4 review questions
34 Wed, 21 Dec 2 Gender Gap in the News; Religious Symbols in the News; Main Religious Symbols; Holiday Toponyms discuss current protests by Egyptian women and gender gap in the RCMP; discuss controversial architecture relating to swastika symbol; obtain list of religious symbols from email conference and complete table by adding three more of your choice from second link on note (B); see also  religious symbols at first link on note (A); find place names linked to holiday words at Natural Resources Canada's GeoNames Query
      Happy Holidays!  
      Unit 3--Population  
35 Wed, 11 Jan 4 Spatial Interaction and Migration; Migration to and Mobility within the USA and Canada; Gravity Model for Migration read HGIA text Ch.4; migration and mobility slides (sent to email conference); differences between immigration to the USA and Canada; preview Ch.4 activities in text
36 Fri, 13 Jan 2 Canadian Interprovincial Migration and the Gravity Model summary of gravity model provided in spatial interaction handout distributed in conference; complete Ch.4 Activities 1-4 for a chosen Canadian province following text instructions and using computerized activities at non-WileyPlus text website (include OneNote print-out images of spreadsheet, scattergraph and choropleth residual map along with your answers to Activity 4 questions)
37 Tue, 17 Jan 4 Test: Cultural Patterns and Processes when finished test, complete Ch.4 activities for submission next class
38 Thu, 19 Jan 2 Controls on Spatial Interaction; Critical Distance; Canadian Interprovincial Migration discuss controls on spatial interaction and critical distance; submit Ch.4 Activity 4 along with chart, scattergraph and residual map
39 Mon, 23 Jan 4 Test/Project Discussion; Laws of Migration review test and project answers; family experience with Ravenstein's laws of migration; spatial interaction handout (complete last question in class); read Ch.5 in Kuby text
40 Wed, 25 Jan 2 Migration Review; Population; Population Pyramids; NG Population Video attempt online WileyPlus Ch.4 quiz in class to check your understanding of migration (text allowed, but complete individually without discussion); read Ch.5 Case Study; complete online WileyPlus Ch.5 Activity 1 in class; see US Census Bureau population pyramids (from International Data Base select a country and year(s), then choose "Population Pyramids" tab); watch NG 7 billion video and summarize statistics in a note
41 Mon, 30 Jan 4 Demographic Transition Model; Population Trends in India see world population clock; complete WileyPlus Ch.5 Activities 2-3; review Ch.5 key terms
42 Wed, 01 Feb 2 Population Review; Population Pyramids Revisited discuss population topics from last two classes; obtain Ch.5 slides and annotate slide for demographic transition model (add stage 5 and pop. pyramid shapes for each stage);  read Sawyer AP text Ch.3 on population and bring to next class
43 Fri, 03 Feb 4 Ch.5 Key Terms and Concepts; Prehistoric Human Migration and Population Changes see Poodwaddle clock for more demographic statistics; view Ch.5 slides; start Genographic Project's "Journey of Man" and complete documentary review sheet; review Ch.5 key terms;
44 Tue, 07 Feb 2 Population Summary; Prehistoric Human Migration and Population Changes play Ch.5 "Name the key term;" continue Genographic Project's "Journey of Man" documentary;
45 Thu, 09 Feb 4 Prehistoric Human Migration and Population Changes; Malthus and Limits to Population Growth finish Genographic Project's "Journey of Man" documentary; Malthus powerpoint; bring Sawyer AP text to next class
46 Mon, 13 Feb 2 UN International Conference on Population and Development (Cairo Conference, 1994); Other Population Parameters; Review Population Parameters and AP terms Cairo Conference home page; Cairo Plan principles; complete population worksheet (available in email conference in OneNote format) using Pop. Pyramids and CIA World Factbook; from AP text Ch.3, consider sample free response question and complete multiple choice questions
47 Wed, 15 Feb 4 Review Population Parameters; Future Population Concerns in China check population worksheet answers; read distributed articles on China's sex ratios and implications for the future
      Unit 4--Political Geography  
48 Tue, 21 Feb 2 Introduction to Political Geography; Gerrymandering; Nations, States, and Nation States geography affecting politics: gerrymandering example; complete first level of The ReDistricting Game; see Ch.13 slides; read Ch.13 main section
(links to information on Redistribution of Canadian Electoral Boundaries, procedures and history of York North and Newmarket-Aurora electoral boundaries)
49 Thu, 23 Feb 4 Nation/State Term Review; Political Geography and Geopolitics; Arctic Sovereignty; China and Arctic Sovereignty match terms and definitions on review sheet distributed by email; view Arctic sovereignty articles and maps (Cdn Geographic, CBC News); view background video for recent  documentary on Battle for the Arctic here); see article concerning China's posturing for position in the Arctic and discover what the current situation is for observer status on the Arctic Council; prepare your own comment addressing a) Canada's claim for Arctic Ocean floor, and b) Canada's control of waterways between northern islands (i.e. would you support internal waters status or international waterway status?); review for Monday's test
50 Mon, 27 Feb 2 Test: Population  
51 Wed, 29 Feb 4 Types of Boundaries (Natural Boundaries and Geometric Boundaries); Boundary Disputes complete types of boundaries flowchart; Internal Forces and Boundary Disputes powerpoint; visit the IBRU website and follow Boundary News link to find examples for all four categories of boundary disputes
52 Fri, 02 Mar 2 United Nations and the Law of the Sea; Geographic Characteristics of States; Enclave Discussion;  Forward-Thrust Capitals Law of the Sea territorial chart and examples from powerpoint; complete worksheet on state size and shape; ensure Ch.13 read; see list of enclaves and exclaves in Wikipedia; discussion about forward-thrust capitals (Brasilia, Canberra, Astana; read Ch.5 Politics in Sawyer AP text
53 Tue, 06 Mar 4 Centrifugal and Centripetal Forces Within a State; 20th Century Conflicts and Political Geography; United Nations; Ministates Internal Forces and Boundary Disputes powerpoint; discuss politics and boundaries powerpoint with World Island and Heartland/Rimland theories plus World Systems theory; complete emailed ministate question sheet
54 Thu, 08 Mar 2 Ministates and Appropriate Representation; International and Supranational Organizations review answers for ministate recognition questions; discuss distributed note on political organizations and economic cooperation and obtain slides from conference; read UN description in AP text and consider UN agencies
      Enjoy the March Break!  
55 Wed, 28 Mar 4 Supranational Organizations; European Union see webinar on Supranationalism in Europe and take notes on the three results of EU supranationalism, what devolution means with examples, and the EU's cohesion policy; visit UN website and follow "Structure and Organization" link to find a UN agency example for all four categories of regional alliances
56 Fri, 30 Mar 2 UN Peacekeeping (Peacekeeping Missions and Maps Links)

Celebrate Earth Hour, Sat. March 31, 8:30-9:30 pm
investigate one peacekeeping mission following worksheet instructions, share main points from peacekeeping investigation

view Earth Hour video and discuss Earth Hour event
57 Tue, 03 Apr 4 Political Geography Jeopardy; Political Geography Review
Agriculture and Food Production;
review key term definitions while playing game; attempt Ch.5 review questions in AP text for homework;
start Ch.8 slides
      Unit 5--Agriculture and Rural Land Use  
58 Thu, 05 Apr 2 Agriculture and Food Production; Intensive/Extensive, Subsistence/Commercial, Labour Intensive/Capital Intensive Production; Climate Regions and Agriculture; Factors Influencing Agriculture and Rural Land Use; Worldwide Sources of Food view Ch.8 slides; read Ch.8 Introduction; do HGIA Ch.8 Activity 1 and for the first five kinds of agricultural production (cattle, wheat, rice, bananas, vegetables); compare climate and other regional maps while doing Activity 1 agricultural activities; finish Ch.8 slides; consider Ch.8 Act.2 #2.1-2.4 for homework (look for country of origin for a couple of perishable and non-perishable food products on your shelves, or be observant during a family trip to the supermarket)
59 Wed, 11 Apr 4 Global Agricultural Patterns and Globalization; Food Tradition Nations; Remote Sensing and Agricultural Land Use Change; Review of False Colour Remote Sensing discuss globalization and finish Ch.8 slides; discuss food nations for North America; investigate multi-spectral remote sensing images and create false-colour images for Kingston area; complete first third of Ch.8 Activity 3 (3.1-3.3) for homework; review key terms for definition game next class
[see articles on wild rice in Ontario: A, B; CBC video clips on
Canadian cuisine]
60 Fri, 13 Apr 2 Remote Sensing and Agricultural Land Use Change; Ch.8 Key Terms complete remaining parts of Ch.8 Activity 3; play Name That Key Term
61 Tue, 17 Apr 4 Models of Agricultural Location; von Thunen's Model of Agricultural Location; Agricultural Hearths and Dispersion of Agriculture (Carl Sauer); Trends in Agriculture; Review of Agricultural Geography agriculture slides;  land rent auction for dairy, mixed and grain farming near a market; discussion and board diagrams for von Thunen's model; discuss von Thunen AP free-response question and create written responses; visit Gapminder and investigate agricultural statistics (try 'economy/sectors/agricultural % of GDP' vs 'GDP per capita' over time, or follow Gapminder Agriculture link); agricultural key terms; read AP Sawyer text Ch.6 Agriculture and try FRQ for homework
      Unit 6--Industrialization and Economic Development  
62 Thu, 19 Apr 2 Intensive Greenhouse Production; Review of Agricultural Geography

Thresholds for Economic Activity
see Niagara greenhouse slides; agricultural key terms and questions

do HGIA Ch.9 Activity 1 for urban centres selected in class (from Statistics Canada urban population site) using Canada 411 or Google Maps websites to generate business numbers for pizza stores; create log-log scattergraphs for pizza stores and research businesses in other economic sectors to plot on the same graph
63 Mon, 23 Apr 4 Thresholds for Economic Activity (cont.); Market Area Geography create log-log scattergraphs for pizza stores and research businesses in other economic sectors to plot on the same graph; read Ch.9 Case Study background material; complete Ch.9 Activity 2 in WileyPlus for market areas of baseball teams
      Unit 7 -- Cities and Urban Development  
64 Wed, 25 Apr 2 Urban Hierarchy; Central Place Functions; Order of Goods and Services
Topic Flashback: Canadian cuisine
Ch.9 powerpoint; read Ch.9 chapter material; read HGIA Ch.10 to prepare for next class;
CBC video clips on
Canadian cuisine
65 Fri, 27 Apr 4 Christaller's Central Place Theory; Basic- and Non-Basic Jobs and the Multiplier Effect; Rank-Size Rule and Primate Cities; Models of Urban Development Ch.9 central place theory slides; urbanization powerpoint; basic and non-basic sector worksheet (complete second example in class, try the third example and discover the short-cut rule); complete rank-size rule worksheet; see Ch.10 slides
66 Tue, 01 May 2 Canadian Census Information; Reading the Urban Landscape with Census Data; Urban Growth and Remote Sensing use Ch.10 Activity 1 as a guide to visit Statistics Canada and start at 2006 Census Community Profiles to compare Aurora to Ontario for five selected characteristics, then look at 2011 Census Community Profiles for comparison of a smaller number of characteristics; use data table provided (FirstClass conference) of 2006 Census Tract Profiles to compare census tract for  SAC in CT 5350442.03 to CSD Aurora, CD York Region, CMA Toronto and PR Ontario; visit Statistics Canada's E-Stat website for more census information and maps; read Ch.8 Cities in Sawyer AP guide;
see changing urban landscapes from space!
      Unit 6--Industrialization and Economic Development (revisited)  
67 Thu, 03 May 4 Location of Industry; Factors Influencing Production; Agglomeration; Weber's Least-Cost Location Model; Economic Sectors in North America slides on spatial factors influencing location of industry; read Ch.6; see Ch.6 slides; [complete HGIA Ch.6 Activity 1 for more understanding]
68 Mon, 07 May 2 Exam Preparation Session bring both texts to session; exam information sheet in conference
69 Wed, 09 May 4 Exam Preparation Session bring both texts to session; exam information sheet in conference
70 Fri, 11 May 1-2 CGU4U Final Examination / AP Mock Exam exam written in M11
71 Tue, 15 May 4 Development: Definitions and Implications; Changing Understanding of Development over Time; Core and Periphery; Big Mac Index read Ch.7; development powerpoint and discussion; complete HGIA Ch.7 Activities 1,2; see Big Mac Index article; extra development powerpoint
72 Thu, 17 May 2 Development Graphs; World System Theory; Wealth Distribution Within Countries;
AP Exam Discussion
see Gapminder development trends; complete HGIA Ch.7 Activity 3 (consider Activity 4 if time); read World System Theory handout; discuss Gini curve and Gini coefficients; read Ch.7 Ind. & Dev. in Sawyer text; consider questions from past exams
  Fri, 18 May am AP Human Geography Examination Study Tools:

Study Stack: AP Human Geography

73 Wed, 23 May 4 ISU -- Protecting the Planet

AP Exam Preparation
activities from HGIA Ch.14; see project

try practice exam questions, discuss exam free response questions from past years, review course topics; reread Sawyer text
  Thu, 24 May noon AP Human Geography Late Examination exam written in Archives
74 Fri, 25 May 2 ISU -- Protecting the Planet activities from HGIA Ch.14
75 Tue, 29 May 4 Submit Ch.14 ISU Report; Review Day I submit activities from HGIA Ch.14
76 Thu, 31 May 2 Review Day II  


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