C. S. L. Hertzberg, CB, MC, VD
Major General Charles Sumner Lund Hertzberg was born in Toronto on June 12, 1886, son of Anton Lund Hertzberg and Helen Eliza Hertzberg, of Toronto, Ontario, Canada and brother of Major General H. F. H. Hertzberg, CB, CMG, DSO, MC of the Canadian Engineers and Lieutenant O. P. Hertzberg, MC of the C.R.T. He was married to Jessie Alexander Hertzberg, of Toronto.
He was one of the first students at St. Andrew's College (1899-1901) and later graduated from the School of Practical Science, University of Toronto in1905. He was a consulting engineer before and after World War 1.
He joined 2nd Field Company Canadian Engineers (CE) in 1902, and was commissioned in 1904. He went overseas in 1916, and then to France with the 7th Field Company, Canadian Engineers later that year. He was awarded the Military Cross in January 1917 for conspicuous gallantry in action. He was wounded in the chest at Vimy Ridge, and after a long period of convalescence was returned to Canada in June 1917 where he served as Adjutant of the Spadina Military Hospital in Toronto.
In September 1918 he deployed as second in command 16th Field Company, CE which was part of the Siberian Expeditionary Force. Six months later he was promoted to major and appointed Commanding Officer. The Slovak Republic awarded him their Croix de Guerre for his services in Siberia.
On 16 November 1939 he was appointed commander of the 1st Division Engineers in the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. His subsequent rise was mercurial. In May 1940, while still CRE he was promoted to Colonel. Upon the formation of the British VII Corps in July 1940 he was appointed Chief Engineer and promoted to Brigadier. In a headquarters reorganization in November he took direct control of all works, construction and all planning for future expansion and technical development. In 1941 as Chief Engineer 1st Canadian Corps he conducted 20 detailed inspections, covering all RCE units.
On 6 April 1942 he was promoted Major
General and appointed Chief Engineer, 1st Canadian Army. He was the first
Canadian engineer to hold that position.
In April 1943, Lieutenant General Andy McNaughton
wrote: "Hertzberg has rendered exceptional service and
his work is deserving of the highest commendation. He will be a definite loss to
the Canadian Army Overseas but I feel that the policy re retirement age limits
must be followed. I most strongly recommend Hertzberg for continued employment
with the Canadian Army in Canada."
In April 1943, Lieutenant General Andy McNaughton wrote: "Hertzberg has rendered exceptional service and his work is deserving of the highest commendation. He will be a definite loss to the Canadian Army Overseas but I feel that the policy re retirement age limits must be followed. I most strongly recommend Hertzberg for continued employment with the Canadian Army in Canada."On 23 June 1943 he handed over the appointment to Brigadier Melville.
In October 1943 he went to India to advise Southeast Asia Command on the rapid construction of airfields using prefabricated bituminous surfacing. Major General Hertzberg died of smallpox in New Delhi in January 1944 at the age of 58 and is buried in the Delhi War Cemetery, India.
"On mobilization this officer was appointed C.R.E. 1 Canadian Division and proceeded overseas with his unit in the fall of 1939. He was appointed Chief Engineer 7 Corps on formation, subsequently became Chief Engineer 1 Canadian Corps and, in April 1942, Chief Engineer First Canadian Army, which post he at present holds. Throughout he has been the Senior Engineer Officer in the United Kingdom and personally responsible for the organization, administration and development of the Royal Canadian Engineers overseas. In the performance of his duties he has displayed initiative, organizing ability and leadership of a high order and the satisfactory state of organization, training and discipline of the Corps of Royal Canadian Engineers overseas is primarily due to this officer's energy, skill and efficiency. His work is deserving of the highest commendation and his zeal and devotion to duty have proved an inspiration and example to those serving under him."
"For his conspicuous gallantry in action. He displayed great courage and determination on three separate occasions when digging advanced trenches under heavy fire. On another occasion he established a strong point on an exposed flank."
London Gazette January 10, 1917 and Canada Gazette January 10, 1917, P2791
Charles Sumner Lund Hertzberg (1886-1944) was raised and educated in Toronto, Ontario, graduating in engineering from the University of Toronto in 1905. A civil and structural engineer, his first jobs included railway survey work with the Canadian Pacific Railway in Ontario and Quebec, and from 1908 design work with the Trussed Concrete Steel (Truscon) Company of Walkerville, Ontario. In 1912 he went to Toronto as manager of the Bishop Construction Company.
C.S.L. Hertzberg had a keen interest in the Militia. He had enlisted in 1903 with the Second Field Company, Canadian Engineers at Toronto and obtained a commission in that unit in 1904. When his work took him away from Toronto, he was attached to other militia units, serving at various times with the Winnipeg Grenadiers and as the Signals Officer to the Essex Fusiliers. From the outbreak of the First World War until late in 1915, he was employed on duties in Canada. On the formation of the 3rd Canadian Division, he was made an officer in the 7th Field Company, Canadian Engineers and went to France in 1916. For his services on the Somme Front, he was awarded the Military Cross. Early in 1917, he was dangerously wounded, and after several months of hospitalization was invalided home.
On the formation of the Canadian Siberian Force in 1918, C.S.L. Hertzberg was named the Senior Engineer Officer. There he was responsible for the numerous engineering jobs pertaining to an army of occupation and for these services was awarded the Czech War Cross. In the immediate post-war period, he commanded the Second Field Company and was later the Officer Commanding No. 2 District Engineers in Toronto. He also served as an Aide-de-Camp to Herbert Bruce, Lieutenant-Governor for Ontario.
Following the First World War, he returned to private engineering work. He was a co-founder of the civil consulting firm of James, Loudon and Hertzberg and left that partnership to form a purely structural firm, Harkness, Loudon and Hertzberg, later to become Harkness and Hertzberg. This latter firm carried out the structural design of such notable structures in Toronto as the original Canadian Bank of Commerce Building, the East Block of the Ontario Legislative Building and the Canada Life Building, and the Sun Life Building in Montreal.
From 1939 to until mid-1943, C. S. L. Hertzberg was the senior engineering officer for the Canadian Army Overseas. As the army grew in size from a Division to the First Canadian Army of two Corps, he was promoted from Lieutenant-Colonel to Major-General and Chief Engineer. For his services he was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath. In June 1943, having reached the mandatory retirement age of the Canadian Army, he was forced to relinquish his command. He was then placed on special assignment to the Indian Army to oversee experimental work on air landing strips in India. While in India, he contracted small-pox and died in early January 1944.