Captain F. G. Quigley, DSO, MC(Bar), MiD
SAC 1907-1909
Canadian Air Ace

Born in Toronto, Ontario on July 10, 1894, Francis (Frank) Granger Quigley was the son of the Robert John and Annie Primrose Quigley, of Toronto. He attended St Andrew's College from 1907 to 1909 and was a student at Queen's University in Toronto when the war began in August 1914. 

He joined the army as a Private on 16 December 1914, serving with the Canadian Army Engineers on the Western Front. He transferred to the Royal Flying Corps in early 1917 and was posted to 70 Squadron in France on 12 September 1917. Flying Sopwith Camels, he scored 33 confirmed victories before he was wounded in action on 27 March 1918. 

Francis QuigleyRecovering from a shattered ankle caused by an enemy bullet, he returned to Canada where he served as an instructor at Armour Heights. Enroute back to England in October 1918, Quigley came down with influenza and died in hospital two days after his ship reached Liverpool at the age of 24.

  • Enlisted as sapper in 6th Field Company, Canadian Engineers, 16 December 1914; 
  • Arrived in England, 25 April 1915; 
  • To France, 16 September 1915; 
  • To General List, Canadian Training Division, 31 January 1917; 
  • To RFC, Farnborough, same date; 
  • To CE Regimental Depot, 10 March 1917; 
  • Joined RFC, 4 April or 9 May 1917; 
  • 2nd Lieutenant, RFC, 10 May 1917; 
  • Served with No.70 Squadron, 12 September 1917 to 27 March 1918 (wounded, ankle shattered by enemy bullet); 
  • Invalided to England, 29 March 1918; 
  • To Headquarters, 21 September 1918; 
  Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 10 Oct 1917 0805 70 Sopwith Camel (B2356) Albatros D.V (DESF) Westroosebeke
2 10 Oct 1917 0825 70 Sopwith Camel (B2356) Albatros D.V (OOC) S of Houthoulst Forest
3 20 Oct 1917 1115 70 Sopwith Camel (B2356) C (DES) 1 Rumbeke aerodrome
4 12 Nov 1917 1800 70 Sopwith Camel (B2447) Albatros D.V (OOC) E of Houthoulst Forest
5 05 Dec 1917 1345 70 Sopwith Camel (B2447) Albatros D.V (DES) E of Westroosebeke
6 12 Dec 1917 0930 70 Sopwith Camel (B2311) Albatros D.V (OOC) Westroosebeke
7 19 Dec 1917 0945 70 Sopwith Camel (B2447) Albatros D.V (DESF) 2 20 Q 27
8 26 Dec 1917 1520 70 Sopwith Camel (B2447) C (DESF) 20 Q 23
9 27 Dec 1917 1050 70 Sopwith Camel (B2447) C (DES) 3 Zarren
10 03 Jan 1918 1345 70 Sopwith Camel (B2447) C (OOC) E of Moorslede
11 06 Jan 1918 1400 70 Sopwith Camel (B2447) Albatros D.V (DES) 4 Stadenburg
12 06 Jan 1918 1415 70 Sopwith Camel (B2447) Albatros D.V (DES) 2 E of Passchendaele
13 22 Jan 1918 1414 70 Sopwith Camel (B5214) Albatros D.V (DESF) 5 NE of Houthoulst Wood
14 22 Jan 1918 1420 70 Sopwith Camel (B5214) Albatros D.V (OOC) 5 NE of Houthoulst Wood
15 22 Jan 1918 1430 70 Sopwith Camel (B5214) Albatros D.V (DES) 6 NE of Houthoulst Wood
16 24 Jan 1918 1120 70 Sopwith Camel (B2447) C (DES) SE of Wervicq
17 29 Jan 1918 1110 70 Sopwith Camel (B5251) Albatros D.V (DESF) NE of Houthoulst Wood
18 17 Feb 1918   70 Sopwith Camel C (OOC) 2 Houthoulst Forest
19 08 Mar 1918 1305 70 Sopwith Camel (B7475) Albatros D.V (OOC) Roulers
20 09 Mar 1918 0930 70 Sopwith Camel (B7475) Albatros D.V (DESF) Menin
21 09 Mar 1918 0945 70 Sopwith Camel (B7475) Albatros D.V (DES) Menin
22 09 Mar 1918 1310 70 Sopwith Camel (B7475) Albatros D.V (OOC) Quesnoy
23 09 Mar 1918 1310 70 Sopwith Camel (B7475) Albatros D.V (OOC) Quesnoy
24 11 Mar 1918 1230 70 Sopwith Camel (B7475) Balloon (DES) 7 Menin
25 11 Mar 1918 1700 70 Sopwith Camel (B7475) Pfalz D.III (DES) 8 Passchendaele
26 11 Mar 1918 1700 70 Sopwith Camel (B7475) Pfalz D.III (OOC) Passchendaele
27 11 Mar 1918 1700 70 Sopwith Camel (B7475) Pfalz D.III (OOC) Passchendaele
28 12 Mar 1918 1245 70 Sopwith Camel (B7475) Albatros D.V (DES) Dadizeele
29 12 Mar 1918 1245 70 Sopwith Camel (B7475) Albatros D.V (DES) Dadizeele
30 12 Mar 1918 1250 70 Sopwith Camel (B7475) Albatros D.V (OOC) Dadizeele
31 22 Mar 1918 1535 70 Sopwith Camel (B7475) Albatros D.V (DES) Inchy-Bourlon
32 22 Mar 1918 1430 70 Sopwith Camel (B7475) Fokker DR.I (DES) NE of Havrincourt
33 23 Mar 1918 1700 70 Sopwith Camel (B7475) Pfalz D.III (DES) Morchies

Frank died in Liverpool General Hospital, 18 October 1918 of influenza and is buried in Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Toronto, Ontario (Grave: F.Sec.10.29.) 

  • Attestation Papers (National Archives) Front - Back
  • Canadian Virtual War Memorial Page for Frank Quigley. This page includes a link to his commemoration on Page 599 of the First World War Book of Remembrance
  • See also the Frank Quigley Page on the Aerodrome Web Site.
Distinguished Service Order
Distinguished Service Order
"For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. While leading an offensive patrol he attacked a very large number of enemy aeroplanes, destroyed one of them and drove another down out of control. On the following day, while on a low-flying patrol, he was attacked by several enemy scouts, one of which dived at him. He out-manoeuvred this machine and fired on it at very close range. He followed it down to 500 feet, firing on it, and it spiralled very steeply to the ground in a cloud of black smoke. During the three following days, while employed in low-flying work, he showed the greatest skill and determination. He fired 3,000 rounds and dropped 30 bombs during this period, inflicting heavy casualties on enemy infantry, artillery and transport." 
DSO Citation London Gazette dated 22 June 1918. 

NOTE: Public Record Office Air 1/1515 has the recommendation as passed from Headquarters, 3rd Brigade, Royal Air Force to Headquarters, Royal Air Force on 5 April 1918. 

"For the greatest determination, gallantry and devotion to duty during the battle, March 21st to March 31st, 1918.

On March 22nd, 1918, when leading an offensive patrol, this officer attacked a very large number of enemy aeroplanes.  Singling out an Albatros Scout he engaged in head-on at very close range. The enemy aeroplane dropped one wing, and then dived into the ground, where it crashed between Inchy and Bourlon.  A few minutes later Captain Quigley attacked a Triplane.  This machine went down out of control.  On the same patrol he engaged no less than seven other enemy aircraft.

Again, on March 23rd, 1918, when on a low flying patrol he was attacked by several Pfalz Scouts, one of which dived at him.  He outmanoeuvred this machine and fired a burst at very close range on its tail. He followed ir down, firing to 500 feet, when the enemy aeroplane emitted a cloud of black smoke and spiralled very steeply into the ground near Morchies.

From March 24th to March 27th, 1918, Captain Quigley was employed on low flying work. He showed the greatest determination and gallantry, and caused considerable casualties to enemy infantry, artillery and transport.  On several occasions he came back with his machine dangerously shot about.  In three days he fired upwards of 3,000 rounds and dropped 30 bombs.

This officer has now destroyed sixteen enemy aircraft and one balloon, and has driven down eight other enemy aircraft out of control. Captain Quigley is now in hospital from a wound received in action on 27th March 1918.

He was posted to No.70 Squadron on 12 September 1917, and was awarded the Military Cross in January last, and the Bar thereto on 15 March 1918."

Military Cross
Military Cross (MC)
"For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty when engaging hostile aircraft. On one occasion, while on patrol, he attacked an enemy two-seater which, after close fighting and skilful maneouvering, he crashed to the ground. He has within a short period destroyed or driven down out of control, seven other enemy machines, and on all occasions has displayed high courage and a fine fighting spirit."
MC Citation London Gazette dated 18 February 1918. 
Citation expanded on in London Gazette of 18 July 1918.
Military Cross
Bar to Military Cross
"For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in aerial combats. He destroyed five enemy machines and one balloon, and drove down four enemy machines out of control. He showed splendid courage and initiative." 
MC Bar Citation London Gazette dated 13 May 1918. 
Mention in Despatches
Awarded as per London Gazette dated 28 February 1918.