D. M. B. Galbraith, DSC (Bar)
Murray Bayne Galbraith was born April 27, 1895 in Carlton Place, Ontario
and attended St Andrew's College from 1914-1915. When the war began, Galbraith
was a student in Toronto.
In 1915, accompanied by Arthur
Brown and Stearne Edwards, he enrolled at the Wright School in Dayton,
Ohio. After obtaining his pilot's certificate, he joined the Royal Naval
Air Service and was assigned to 1 Naval Wing in France. In October 1916,
having scored two victories with Nieuport scouts, he was reassigned to
the newly formed 8 Naval Squadron. On 23 November 1916, he scored his final
victory of the war. Flying alone in a Sopwith
Pup, he engaged six German two-seaters near Cambrai, shooting one of
returning to England for rest, he was an instructor and participated in
anti-submarine operations in Italy during 1918. Galbraith was killed in
an automobile accident three years later on March 29, 1921 while serving
with the Royal Canadian Air Force.
Attended Wright School in Dayton,
Appointed Probationary Flight
Sub-Lieutenant, RNAS, in Ottawa;
To Chingford, 15 November 1915;
To Cranwell, 1 April 1916;
To Eastchurch, 20 June 1916;
To Dover, 29 May 1916;
Original member of No.8 (N)
Squadron, 25 October 1916;
Invalided 7 December 1916;
To Air Department, MAD, 7 March
To Manston, 26 June 1917;
To Redcar, as instructor, 22
To Eastchurch, 6 May 1918;
To Air Ministry, 30 August 1918;
To 11 (Irish) Group for 55 Wing,
25 September 1918.
of his services in attacking a large enemy two-seater seaplane on 28 September
1916. Flight Sub-Lieutenant Galbraith's machine was severely damaged by
gun fire from the enemy machine, which finally blew up in the air."
DSC citation, London Gazette,
25 October 1916
to the Distinguished Service Cross
gallantry. On 23 November 1916, he attacked single-handed a formation of
six hostile aircraft, no other Allied machines being in the vicinity. One
hostile machine was shot down, a second was driven down under control,
and the remaining four machines then gave up the fight and landed. In several
other combats in the air, Flight Lieutenant Galbraith has displayed exceptional
gallantry, particularly on 10 and 16 November 1916, on each of which days
he successfully engaged and shot down an enemy machine."
DSC Bar citation, London
Gazette, 16 February 1917
NOTE: Public Records Office
Air 1/74 has recommendation submitted 28 September 1916 from Headquarters,
RNAS Dunkirk, which renders his name as "David M. B. Galbraith".
"On September 28th, 1916,
this officer, whilst patrolling the sea, sighted a large enemy two-seater
seaplane. The enemy machine blew up in the air, probably caused by his
bombs having been struck and exploded. From the position, it appears
probable that this machine was on its way to attack the doutheast coast
of England. Flight Sub-Lieutenant Galbraith's machine was severely
damaged by gunfire from the enemy, his windscreen and gun sight being shot
away in the early part of the encounter, but the pilot continued his attack.
This encounter was witnessed by the pilot and observer of a French seaplane.
In addition to the above,
on July 21st, this officer encountered a hostile seaplane off Ostend, and
the enemy machine gained the advantage of position. Flight Sub-Lieutenant
Galbraith looped his machine over the German, thus gaining the desired
position behind. The German pilot was seen to be hit, and the machine fell
in a vertical dive and broke into flames. This officer is an extremely
plucky pilot, and has rendered consistently good service since June 12th,
"Le 27 septembre
1916, est parti à la recherche d'une appareil signalé.
A livré, à 10 milles en mer un combat à un hydavion
ennemi sur lequel il a ouvert le feu à très courte distance.
A abbatu cet avion qui s'est brisé en morceux au cours de sa chute.
A eu son appareil gravement endommagé par le feu de l'ennemi."
not finally gazetted until London Gazette dated 28 February 1922, when
it was noted that it had been conferred in 1916; DHist cards suggested
November 1917. However, Public Records Office Air 1/74 has a memo dated
20 October 1916 stating that Colonel Barres (Commanding French air forces)
had conferred the award on Galbraith, effective that day. The same file
carries a copy of No.36 Army Corps, General Order No.30, dated 8 October
1916, citing Sub-Lieutenant S.J. Goble, Sub-Lieutenant E.R. Grange, and
Sub-Lieutenant M.B. Galbraith.