Captain G. T. Reid, DFC
George Thomas Reid was born
on October 16, 1893 and attended St Andrew's College from 1908-1909. His
home was in Toronto where he was a lumber dealer prior to the war.
Public Record Office Air 1/1650
has a letter dated 17 September 1918 from the Commanding Officer, No.97
Squadron to the Officer Commanding, No.83 Wing, Royal Air Force:
Commissioned Lieutenant in 109th
Regiment, Canadian Militia, September 1915;
Captain, 242nd Battalion (Forestry
Corps), January 1916;
Overseas November 1916;
To France, January 1917.
Attached to RFC as Observer
on Probation, 14 October 1917.
To No.1 School of Aerial Gunnery,
17 December 1917;
To No.1 School of N and BD [Navigation
and Bomb Dropping ?], 13 February 1918;
Served with No.97 Squadron,
14 May 1918 to 11 January 1919 (to France, 29 July 1918).
Relinquished commission, 13
"I have the honour
to bring to your notice the excellent work carried out by Lieutenant J.A.
Stewart, Flying Officer, and Captain
G. T. Reid, Flying Officer Observer, since this squadron arrived in this
The same file has the formal
recommendation sent on 22 September 1918 from Headquarters, 8th
They have always flown
together and their work has been most consistent. They have now carried
out 13 successful raids and in spite of adverse weather conditions at times
they have never yet failed to reach their objective, which shows great
determination. Their bombing has been consistently good and they
have excellent judgment as to when to bomb low and when to bomb at an average
altitude. Their bombing range has varied from 4,000 feet to 700 feet.
They materially helped to demolish Folperweller Aerodrome on the 22nd August,
obtaining several direct hits.
At Buhl on the 2nd September
they bombed the aerodrome from 700 feet and started eight fires which were
confirmed by other pilots. They also started a large fire at Metz Sablon
on the 12th instant.
They have been very modest
in their claims for although they have usually got close to their target,
they have claimed few direct hits although the amount of damage caused
must have been considerable. On several occasions they have made two trips
On the last three raids,
14th, 15th, 16th of September, they have successfully bombed Kaiserlautern,
Mainz and Frankfort. By careful study of their route and good use of their
navigation instruments they have accomplished excellent times to Mainz
and Frankfurt, namely 4 3/4 hours and 5 3/4 hours respectively.
I consider they have
shown great courage, perseverance and determination in all their work.
Brigade to Headquarters,
Royal Air Force. Some of the place names are spelled differently
from the above letter (which itself cannot agree on the spelling of Frankfort/Frankfurt).
good work, gallantry and skill as an Observer on night bomb raids, notably
on the following occasions:
The same file has a list of
sorties similar to those shown, but indicating that he was engaged in
Night 22 August 1918
- Folperweiler Aerodrome - On the occasion of this raid Captain Reid was
Lieutenant Stewart's Observer. In spite of a very hostile anti-aircraft
barrage they came down to 700 feet over the objective and obtained several
direct hits on the hangars and sheds on Folperweiler Aerodrome, causing
Night 1/2 September 1918
- Buhl Aerodrome - With Lieutenant Stewart as Pilot, Captain Reid came
down to 700 feet over the objective and in the course of several runs up
and down was successful in starting eight fires, thereby causing a considerable
amount of damage. The fires were seen and confirmed by other pilots.
Night 12 September 1918
- Metz Sablon - Captain Reid with Lieutenant Stewart as Pilot carried out
a very successful raid on this objective, excellent shooting being made
and a large fire, which could be seen from a considerable distance, being
In addition, he has taken
part in the following raids:
19 August 1918
- Metz Sablon
20 August 1918
- Buhl Aerodrome
21 August 1918
- Mohrange Aerodrome
25 August 1918
- Boulay Aerodrome
30 August 1918
- Boulay Aerodrome
3 September 1918 - Boulay Aerodrome
6 September 1918 - Lorquin Aerodrome
14 September 1918 - Kaiserlautern
15 September 1918 - Mainz
16 September 1918 - Frankfort
Captain Reid has always
flown with Lieutenant J.A. Stewart, and their work together has been most
Captain Reid has carried
out thirteen successful raids, and in spite of very adverse weather conditions
on several occasions, has never yet failed to reach his objective.
His bombing has been consistently good, and he has shown throughout excellent
judgement in deciding when it was advisable to bomb low and when at an
average altitude. His bombing range has varied from 4,000 to 700
On the last three raids
undertaken, viz., 14th, 15th and 16th September, Captain Reid successfully
bombed Kaiserlautern, Mainz and Frankfort. By carefully studying
the route and making the best use of his navigation instruments the raids
to Mainz and Frankfort were carried out in the excellent time of 4 3/4
and 5 3/4 hours respectively. On September 16th the wind was very
strong and Captain Reid's machine was the only one 14 which started for
the long objective which bombed its target and returned.
Captain Reid has throughout
shown the greatest courage, perseverance and determination in all his work."
two raids on 2 September
"A very competent
and gallant observer in long-distance bombing raids, in thirteen of which
he has been successfully engaged. Captain Reid displays great skill in
selecting the correct altitude for unloading his bombs, and his determination
is most marked in all his work."
London Gazette dated 2 November 1918