Major Phillip C. Garratt, OC, AFC
SAC 1909-1910

Major Phillip Clarke Garratt was born in Toronto 13 July 1894 and attended St. Andrew's College in 1909-1910. When war broke out he was a student at the University of Toronto, but left to take flying lessons at the Curtiss Aviation School.

Joined the Royal Flying Corps in 1916 and served for a time with #70 Squadron before being wounded and returning to England as an instructor pilot at the Gosport Flying School. It was for this work that he was later awarded the Air Force Cross.

After the war, he joined de Havilland Aircraft Company winning the McKee Trophy in 1951 and 1966 and he eventually rose to become its President. Garratt was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1967, was inducted into the Canadian Aviation Hall of Fame in 1974 and died 16 November of that year.


  • Joined RFC in Canada, 1 January 1916. 
  • Attained Royal Aeronautical Certificate No.2868, 28 April 1916 while a 2nd Lieutenant. 
  • Served in No.70 Squadron, 5 July to 21 October 1916 (wounded);
  • Administration Wing, Farnborough, 16 January to 8 March 1917;
  • Eastern Group Command, RCF, 8 March to 10 May 1917;
  • No.40 Training Squadron, Croydon, 12 January to 2 March 1918;
  • No.129 Squadron, Duxford, 2 March to 10 May 1918;
  • No.2 Training Squadron and No.30 TDS, Northolt, 11 May 1918 to 13 June 1919 when repatriated.


Officer of the Order of Canada

Awarded June 1972



Air Force Cross

Aawarded as per London Gazette dated 3 June 1919